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Welding distortion occurs when laser welding stainless steel plate

Superwave Laser Technology Co.,Ltd | Updated: Mar 23, 2018



As a new material, stainless steel has been widely used in aerospace, auto parts and other fields by virtue of its corrosion resistance and mouldability. The application of laser welding in stainless steel occupies a very important position, especially in automobile industry. However, due to the influence of many factors, the welding of stainless steel plate has the problem of deformation and is difficult to control, which is not conducive to the sustainable development of related fields. Therefore, it is of great significance to strengthen the research on laser welding deformation of stainless steel plate.


Overview of laser welding.


Laser welding mainly refers to a kind of welding method that USES laser energy as a heat source to melt and connect the workpiece. During the laser welding process, the laser irradiates the surface of the welded material, which is reflected and absorbed, and the remaining part is absorbed into the material to complete the welding target. In short, the process of laser welding is used by the optical system of high power laser beam after focusing, exposure to the surface of welding material, and then make full use of the materials of light energy absorption for heating treatment yuan finally after cooling form a melt welding process of welded joint. Generally, laser welding is divided into two types: thermal conduction and deep fusion welding.


The damage caused by welding deformation and the main factors affecting the welding deformation.


The main factors affecting welding deformation are welding current, pulse width and frequency. The welding current increases, the weld width also increases, and the splash and other phenomena gradually occur, resulting in oxidation deformation on the surface of the weld, with a rough feeling. Pulse width increases, increase strength of welded joint, when the pulse width to a certain extent, the material on the surface of the heat transfer energy consumption also will increase, make the liquid evaporation from the molten pool spatter, lead to solder joint sectional area is smaller, affect the joint strength; The influence of welding frequency on the welding deformation of stainless steel plate is closely related to the thickness of steel plate. For example, when the frequency reaches 2Hz, the weld overlap rate is higher when the frequency reaches 2Hz. When the frequency reaches 5Hz, the weld is burning seriously, and the thermal influence area is wide, resulting in deformation. Therefore, it is imperative to strengthen the effective control of welding deformation.


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